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What is Extroversion?

Extraversion is a broad, multifaceted personality trait and refers to the state of being concerned with and achieving gratification from what is outside one’s self (Merriam Webster Dictionary). Individuals high in extraversion (i.e., extraverts) are likely to be enthusiastic, outgoing, talkative, gregarious, and socially involved (Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence, 1998). Extraverts tend to have favorable leadership qualities, and obtain gratification from activities such as directing, managing, or organizing events (Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence, 1998). Extraverts prefer being in large groups and are more likely to get bored when they are alone (Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence, 1998). Rather than sitting alone and thinking, an extrovert will be more likely to engage in conversation (Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence, 1998).

Extraversion consists of positive motivations, having facets relating to sociability and facets relating to seeking stimulation and novelty in other domains (Costa & McCrae, 1992). It can be predicted (from an evolutionary point of view) that extraversion will be positively associated with some aspects of reproductive success (Buss, 1991). In the mating domain, extraverts should be expected to create and take more mating opportunities (Barnes et al., 1984 and Heaven et al., 2000).

What is the difference between an extrovert and an introvert?

Extraverts and introverts have traits that are central aspects to their human personality. Being an extrovert or introvert, in many ways establishes how social you are in society. People who are gregarious, active, and outgoing tend to experience more pleasant emotions than those who are quiet, inactive, and introverted (Lucas, 2000) Introverts take pleasure in solitary activities, such as reading, computer-use, writing, or thinking (Wikipedia). Introverts find more satisfaction from being alone or with small groups rather than in large groups (Wikipedia). Extraverts, on the other hand are thrill-seekers, enjoy being social in large groups, assertive, and more likely to be interested in making new social contacts.

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