Entitativity

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Below are items used in (Lickel et al. 2000) Varieties of Groups and the Perception of Entitativity. JPSP.

Variables in Group Survey with Wording of Survey Questions

Groupness

“Listed on this page are a number of collections of people that might qualify as groups. We would like you to rate each one on the degree to which you think it qualifies as a group. In the space next to each one, write a number that represents your opinion about the extent to which it qualifies as a group.” 1=Not at all a group 9=Very much of a group

Interaction

“Now we would like your opinion about the degree to which the people in these groups interact with each other. In some groups, the members of the group interact a great deal, whereas in other groups they interact hardly at all. For each group, we would like your opinion about the extent to which the people in the group interact with each other.” 1=Very little interaction 9=A great deal of interaction

Importance

“Another way of describing a group is the extent to which membership in the group is important to the people in the group. For each of the groups below, we would like your opinion about the extent to which being a member of the group is important for the people in the group.” 1=Not very important 9=Very important

Outcomes

“Groups also differ in the extent to which membership in the group means that the group’s members experience the same outcomes. That is, in some groups, all members either succeed or fail together, whereas in other groups, individual members may succeed or fail independently of the other members. For each group, please indicate the extent to which the members of the group experience the same outcomes.” 1=Members have independent outcomes 9=Members have some outcomes

Goals

“Another way of describing a group is the extent to which the members of the group have the same goals. So, aside from whether the people themselves are similar or dissimilar, they may have common goals that bring them together. For each group, we would like your opinion about the extent to which the people in the group have common goals.” 1=No goals in common 9=Important goals in common

Similarity

“One important element in describing a group is the extent to which the people in the group are the same or different from each other. Sometimes we would expect that the people are all quite similar to each other. In other cases, we might not expect a high degree of similarity among members of the group. For each group below, we would like your opinion about the extent to which people in the group are similar or dissimilar to each other.” 1=Very different from each other 9=Very similar to each other

Duration

“Groups differ in the length of time that they exist, that is, their history and their likely future. Some groups exist for only a very short time, whereas other groups exist for a very long time. For each of the groups listed below, we would like your opinion about the extent to which each group is a long-term or short-term group.” 1=Very short-term 9=Very long-term

Size

“Groups vary in how large or small they are. In this part of the survey, we would like to learn your opinion about how large or small you think groups are. Below are the groups you rated before. Please rate the size of each group.” 1=Very small 9=Very large

Permeability

“Groups also differ in how easy or difficult they are to join and leave. Some groups are very easy to join and basically anyone who wants to join the group can do so. Other groups require very special characteristics or abilities to be a member of the group. Similarly, for some groups, it is easy to stop being a member of the group, whereas for other groups it is difficult to end one’s membership. The ease with which a person can join and leave a group can be called a group’s permeability. Groups that are easy to join and leave are very permeable, whereas groups that are difficult to join and leave are not very permeable. For each group below, rate how permeable the group is.” 1=Not permeable 9=Very permeable

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